Coffee comes from the Latin form of the genus Coffea , a member of the Rubiaceae family which includes more than genera and 6, species of tropical trees and shrubs. Other members of the family include the gardenias and plants which yield quinine and other useful substances, but Coffea is by far the most important member of the family economically. Eighteenth century Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus first described the genus but, to this day, botanists still disagree on the classification because of the wide variations that occur in coffee plants and seeds. Linnaeus classified the coffee shrubs in the family Rubiaceae comprising 4, species of which 60 are called 'coffea'.
Part II: All You Need to Know About Growing Coffee Trees in Your Home
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Plant Care Resource Center. You are currently in Growing Zone Planting Elsewhere? Arabica Coffee Plant coffea arabica. Images shown are of mature plants Images shown are of mature plants.
How to Grow and Care For Coffee Plant
Coffee and human beings are native to roughly the same area of the world, so it makes a kind of sense that we have almost the same sort of life cycle. We must be made for each other. Remains from some of the earliest identified transitional humans were discovered in the s what is now known as Africa's Great Rift Valley —which also just so happens to be precisely where coffee plants are indigenous to, often growing wild and unclassified in forests there. Yes, probably. But it is fascinating to note that there are some similarities between the life of a coffee plant and the life of a coffee drinker.
The coffee plant is an attractive little specimen with glossy green leaves and a compact growth habit. It makes a surprisingly good potted indoor plant. Native to Ethiopia, the coffee plant Coffea arabica will flower in the spring with small white flowers and then bear half-inch berries that gradually darken from green to blackish pods. Each of these fruits contains two seeds, which eventually become the coffee beans you use to brew coffee. Other than the seeds, it's important to know that all plant parts are toxic to both humans and animals.